Taxiways are an important part of airport infrastructure, connecting the runways with aprons, hangars, terminals and other facilities. It is essential for pilots to be aware of taxiway markings, speed limit rules, surface types, and position indicators in order to safely navigate their aircraft on the ground. In this article, we will discuss these topics in detail.
1. Taxiway Markings:
- All runway markings are white while all other markings (taxiways or ramp) are painted in yellow.
- The most crucial marking of a taxiway is the centerline stripe which is a single solid yellow stripe.
- A black square with yellow letters/numbers inside indicates the plane's position on the various taxiways.
- Yellow panels indicate directions such as straight ahead, left turn, right turn, etc.
2. Speed Limit Rules:
- Most airports do not have a specific speed limit for taxiing though some do.
- In general, safe speed should be based on obstacles present on the taxiway.
3. Surface Types:
- Taxiways mostly have a hard surface such as asphalt or concrete.
- Smaller general aviation airports sometimes use gravel or grass.
4. Position Indicators:
- Black squares with yellow letters/numbers inside signify the plane’s position on the various taxiways.
- These markers help pilots know where they are located on the taxiway.
By following the above guidelines, pilots can safely navigate their aircraft on the taxiways at any given airport.