Sikkim, a pristine and lofty state nestled in the eastern Himalayas, is widely recognized for its rich diversity of Orchids. Among the vast floristic wealth India possesses, the state renowned for producing the largest number of orchids happens to be Sikkim. This region is home to more than 450 distinct species of orchids, thereby attaining the status of the largest orchid producer in India.
The reasons attributing to Sikkim’s supremacy in orchid production include its ideal climate, abundant rainfall – averaging 200 inches annually, and varied mountainous habitats. Such conditions ranging from dense forests to elevated meadows provide a conducive environment for the growth and proliferation of orchids.
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Summary of The Article
|The state which produces the largest number of orchids in India is Sikkim||Details about Sikkim|
|Located in the eastern Himalayas||Sikkim has over 450 species of orchids|
|Ideal climate for orchids||Receives about 200 inches of rainfall annually|
|Various mountainous habitats||Home to Dendrobium, Vanda, and Cymbidium species|
|Rich in orchid farms||Offers educational tours and workshops|
The Orchid-Oriented History of Sikkim
In 1987, The Orchid Society of Sikkim was established. This society played a pivotal role in fostering the growth and appreciation of orchids in the state and beyond. Following suit, in 1993, The Orchid Research Centre was established in the capital city, Gangtok. This institution has been instrumental in conducting intricate orchid research and houses over 1,000 orchid species. In 2000, the region witnessed the commencement of The Orchid Festival, which has been held annually ever since in February or March. Owing to its popularity, Gangtok opened The Orchid Park, a hub of orchid exhibits, butterfly garden, and medicinal plant garden, in 2010.
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Orchids – The Glory of Sikkim
The Dendrobium, Vanda, and Cymbidium are among the most common orchid species found in Sikkim. The “king of orchids”, Dendrobium Nobile, is the most prevalent. Some orchids, such as Haworthia cymbiformis, grow in high altitudes reaching 14,000 feet, making them the highest-altitude orchids.
The Orchid Festival – A Floral Extravaganza
The Orchid Festival is a significant event, attracting visitors globally. It is an exposition of varied orchid displays, coupled with cultural performances and a vast array of food stalls. This festival offers insight into Sikkim’s diverse orchid species, their cultivation, and conservation.
The Final Takeaway
Sikkim, the state which produces the largest number of orchids in India, is indeed an orchid lover’s paradise with its diverse array of species, favourable weather conditions, and significant devotion towards orchid cultivation and preservation. As such, Sikkim is a must-visit destination for anyone interested in these visually appealing and vibrant flowers.
Frequently Asked Questions
What is the state which produces the largest number of orchids in India?
Sikkim is the state that produces the largest number of orchids in India.
Why is Sikkim the largest orchid producer in India?
Sikkim’s ideal climate, abundant rainfall, diverse habitats, and concentrated cultivation efforts contribute to it being the largest orchid producer in India.
What is The Orchid Festival?
The Orchid Festival is an annual event held in Gangtok, Sikkim, showcasing a plethora of orchid species, cultural performances, and food stalls.
What is unique about orchids in Sikkim?
Sikkim hosts a wide variety of orchids, including some species that grow at high altitudes of up to 14,000 feet. The “king of orchids”, Dendrobium Nobile, is the most common in Sikkim.